E-government is considered to be an effective tool preventing corruption by reducing the interaction between public officials and citizens. At the same time e-government does not necessarily lead to transparency and may often generate fraud in public administration and elections by giving uncontrolled powers to IT specialists. Despite the fact that Poland and Estonia are different in terms of territory size and population they belong to the group of countries of the post-communist space and post-soviet space and shared a similar path of development after the end of the Cold War. However, Estonia has been more successful in implementing e-government and thus combating corruption. According to 2014 Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index, Poland was ranked 35th by the level of corruption while Estonia was 26th leading Poland in a number of corruption indicators.
22 February 2018